Glossary

Word Definition Citation
Anther
  1. the pollen-bearing part of a stamen.
"anther." Dictionary.com Unabridged (v 1.1). Random House, Inc. 02 Feb. 2007. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/anther>
Apophysis
  1. A broadening near the apex of the sporangiophore, subjacent
    to the columella
http://pangloss.ucsfmedicalcenter.org/Education/fung_morph/fungal_site/page1.01.html
Arteriole
  1. any of the smallest branches of an artery, terminating in capillaries. 
"arteriole." Dictionary.com Unabridged (v 1.1). Random House, Inc. 26 Dec. 2006. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/arteriole>
Cartilage
  1. A tough, elastic, fibrous connective tissue found in various parts of the body, such as the joints, outer ear, and larynx. A major constituent of the embryonic and young vertebrate skeleton, it is converted largely to bone with maturation.
"cartilage." The American HeritageŽ Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition. Houghton Mifflin Company, 2004. 14 Jan. 2007. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/cartilage>
Collenchyma
  1. A supportive tissue of plants, consisting of elongated living cells with unevenly thickened, nonlignified walls. Collenchyma cells remain alive at maturity.
"collenchyma." The American HeritageŽ Science Dictionary. Houghton Mifflin Company. 28 Jan. 2007. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/collenchyma>
Columella
  1. The swollen, dome-shaped tip of a sporangiophore that extends into the sporangium
http://pangloss.ucsfmedicalcenter.org/Education/fung_morph/fungal_site/page1.01.html

Duodenum
  1. the first portion of the small intestine, from the stomach to the jejunum.
"Duodenum." Dictionary.com Unabridged (v 1.1). Random House, Inc. 25 Dec. 2006. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/Duodenum>
Epidermis
  1. the outermost living layer of an animal, usually composed of one or more layers of cells.
"epidermis." Dictionary.com Unabridged (v 1.1). Random House, Inc. 19 Dec. 2006. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/epidermis>
Epithelium
  1. any animal tissue that covers a surface, or lines a cavity or the like, and that, in addition, performs any of various secretary, transporting, or regulatory functions.
"epithelial." Dictionary.com Unabridged (v 1.1). Random House, Inc. 19 Dec. 2006. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/epithelial>
Esophagus
  1. a muscular passage connecting the mouth or pharynx with the stomach in invertebrate and vertebrate animals
"Esophagus." Dictionary.com Unabridged (v 1.1). Random House, Inc. 23 Dec. 2006. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/Esophagus>
Hyaline
  1. glassy or transparent.
"hyaline." Dictionary.com Unabridged (v 1.1). Random House, Inc. 14 Jan. 2007. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/hyaline>
Hypha
  1. The fundamental, threadlike structure of molds
http://pangloss.ucsfmedicalcenter.org/Education/fung_morph/fungal_site/page1.01.html

Ileum
  1. the third and lowest division of the small intestine, extending from the jejunum to the cecum.
"ileum." Dictionary.com Unabridged (v 1.1). Random House, Inc. 25 Dec. 2006. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/ileum>
Jejunum
  1. the middle portion of the small intestine, between the duodenum and the ileum.
"jejunum." Dictionary.com Unabridged (v 1.1). Random House, Inc. 25 Dec. 2006. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/jejunum>
Meiosis
  1. the process of cell division in sexually reproducing organisms that reduces the number of chromosomes in reproductive cells from diploid to haploid, leading to the production of gametes in animals and spores in plants.
"meiosis." The American HeritageŽ Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition. Houghton Mifflin Company, 2004. 28 Jan. 2007. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/meiosis>
Meristem
  1. embryonic tissue in plants; undifferentiated, growing, actively dividing cells.
"meristem." Dictionary.com Unabridged (v 1.1). Random House, Inc. 28 Jan. 2007. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/meristem>
Mitosis
  1. the usual method of cell division, characterized typically by the resolving of the chromatin of the nucleus into a threadlike form, which condenses into chromosomes, each of which separates longitudinally into two parts, one part of each chromosome being retained in each of two new cells resulting from the original cell.
"mitosis." Dictionary.com Unabridged (v 1.1). Random House, Inc. 27 Jan. 2007. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/mitosis>
Paramecium
  1. any ciliated freshwater protozoan of the genus Paramecium, having an oval body and a long, deep oral groove.
     
"Paramecium." Dictionary.com Unabridged (v 1.1). Random House, Inc. 19 Dec. 2006. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/Paramecium>
Pancreas
  1. a gland, situated near the stomach, that secretes a digestive fluid into the intestine through one or more ducts and also secretes the hormone insulin.
"pancreas." Dictionary.com Unabridged (v 1.1). Random House, Inc. 26 Dec. 2006. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/pancreas>
Parenchyma
  1. The primary tissue of higher plants, composed of thin-walled cells and forming the greater part of leaves, roots, the pulp of fruit, and the pith of stems.
<http://www.answers.com/parenchyma&r=67>
Phloem
  1. The food-conducting tissue of vascular plants, consisting of sieve tubes, fibers, parenchyma, and sclereids. Also called bast.
<http://www.answers.com/phloem>
Pollen
  1. the fertilizing element of flowering plants, consisting of fine, powdery, yellowish grains or spores, sometimes in masses.
"pollen." Dictionary.com Unabridged (v 1.1). Random House, Inc. 02 Feb. 2007. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/pollen>
Rectum
  1. the comparatively straight, terminal section of the intestine, ending in the anus.
"rectum." Dictionary.com Unabridged (v 1.1). Random House, Inc. 26 Dec. 2006. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/rectum>
Rhizoid
  1. Root-like, branched hyphae which usually extend into growth medium; found especially in Zygomycetes. See, for example, Rhizopus
http://pangloss.ucsfmedicalcenter.org/Education/fung_morph/fungal_site/page1.01.html

Rhizopus
  1. Any of various rot-causing fungi of the genus Rhizopus, such as R. nigricans, the common bread mold.
"rhizopus." The American HeritageŽ Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition. Houghton Mifflin Company, 2004. 09 Feb. 2007. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/rhizopus>.
Sclereid
  1. A thick-walled lignified plant cell that is often branched.
"sclereid." The American HeritageŽ Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition. Houghton Mifflin Company, 2004. 27 Jan. 2007. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/sclereid>
SEM
  1. Scanning Electron Microscope
 
Spleen
  1. a highly vascular, glandular, ductless organ, situated in humans at the cardiac end of the stomach, serving chiefly in the formation of mature lymphocytes, in the destruction of worn-out red blood cells, and as a reservoir for blood.
"spleen." Dictionary.com Unabridged (v 1.1). Random House, Inc. 26 Dec. 2006. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/spleen>
Sporangia
  1. A fruiting body which forms a closed sac; see, for example, Absidia , Rhizopus
http://pangloss.ucsfmedicalcenter.org/Education/fung_morph/fungal_site/page1.01.html

Sporangiophore
  1. A specialized hyphal element that bears the sporangium
http://pangloss.ucsfmedicalcenter.org/Education/fung_morph/fungal_site/page1.01.html

Sporangiospore
  1. A spore that is formed by a cleavage process following karyogamy and mitosis in a sporangium.
http://www.doctorfungus.org/educatio/glossary3.htm#s

Squamous
  1. covered with or formed of squamae or scales.
  2. Scale like
"Squamous." Dictionary.com Unabridged (v 1.1). Random House, Inc. 19 Dec. 2006. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/Squamous>
Stolon
  1. Horizontal hyphae growing along the surface of growth medium; runner
http://pangloss.ucsfmedicalcenter.org/Education/fung_morph/fungal_site/page1.01.html
Xylem
  1. The supporting and water-conducting tissue of vascular plants, consisting primarily of tracheids and vessels; woody tissue.
<http://www.answers.com/xylem>
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
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